who

2021-10-10 14:20:56来源:未知作者: admin阅读量:

pron. 谁
相关词组:
as who should say

名词 who:

  1. a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
    同义词:World Health Organization
  1. People who cannot speak can talk by using signs.
    不会说话的人可以用手势沟通。
  2. Who do you think you are?
    你以为你是谁?
  3. She looked wretched and forlorn, despairing of the arrival of a friend who had promised to meet her.
    她看上去又可怜又孤独,对于答应来看她的朋友的到来已不抱希望。
  4. He is a leader who is magnanimous in victory.
    他是个在胜利时宽宏大度的领袖。
  5. Do you know who broke the window?
    你知道谁打破了窗户?
  6. This is the man who wanted to see you.
    这就是要见你的那个人。

who

pron.(代词)
What or which person or persons:
谁:什么人、哪个人或哪些人:
例句:
Who leftô
谁离开了ô

Used as a relative pronoun to introduce a clause when the antecedent is a person or persons or one to whom personality is attributed:
谁:当先行词是一个或多个人或是被赋与身份的一个人时,用作关系代词来引导从句:
例句:
the visitor who came yesterday; our child, who is gifted; informed sources who denied the story.
昨天来拜访的那个人;我们天赋异禀的孩子;告诉那些不相信的人这个故事的来源

The person or persons that; whoever:
谁:人或人们;不管什么人:
例句:
Who believes that will believe anything.
相信那个的人会相信任何事


来源:
Middle English
中古英语
from Old English hw3 * see k wo-
源自 古英语 hw3 *参见 k wo-

The traditional rules that determine the use ofwho and whom are relatively simple: who is used for a grammatical subject, where a nominative pronoun such as I or he would be appropriate, andwhom is used elsewhere. Thus, we writeThe actor who played Hamlet was there, sincewho stands for the subject of played Hamlet; andWho do you think is the best candidateô where who stands for the subject of is the best candidate. But we writeTo whom did you give the letterô sincewhom is the object of the preposition to; andThe man whom the papers criticized did not show up, sincewhom is the object of the verb criticized. ô Considerable effort and attention are required to apply the rules correctly in complicated sentences.To produce correctly a sentence such asI met the man whom the government had tried to get France to extradite, we must anticipate when we writewhom that it will function as the object of the verb extradite, several clauses distant from it.It is thus not surprising that writers from Shakespeare onward should often have interchangedwho and whom. And though the distinction shows no signs of disappearing in formal style,strict adherence to the rules in informal discourse might be taken as evidence that the speaker or writer is paying undue attention to the form of what is said, possibly at the expense of its substance.In speech and informal writingwho tends to predominate over whom; a sentence such asWho did John say he was going to supportô will be regarded as quite natural, if strictly incorrect. By contrast, the use ofwhom where who would be required, as inWhom shall I say is callingô may be thought to betray a certain linguistic insecurity. ô When the relative pronoun stands for the object of a preposition that ends a sentence,whom is technically the correct form: the strict grammarian will insist onWhom (not who ) did you give it toô But grammarians since Noah Webster have argued that the excessive formality ofwhom in these cases is at odds with the relative informality associated with the practice of placing the preposition in final position and that the use of who in these cases should be regarded as entirely acceptable. ô The relative pronounwho may be used in restrictive relative clauses, in which case it is not preceded by a comma, or in nonrestrictive clauses, in which case a comma is required.Thus, we may say eitherThe scientist who discovers a cure for cancer will be immortalized, where the clausewho discovers a cure for cancer indicates which scientist will be immortalized, orThe mathematician over there, who solved the four-color theorem, is widely known, where the clausewho solved the four-color theorem adds information about a person already identified by the phrase the mathematician over there. ô Some grammarians have argued that onlywho and not that should be used to introduce a restrictive relative clause that identifies a person. This restriction has no basis either in logic or in the usage of the best writers;it is entirely acceptable to write eitherthe man that wanted to talk to you or the man who wanted to talk to you. ô The grammatical rules governing the use ofwho and whom apply equally to whoever and whomever. See Usage Note at else ,that ,whose
确定用法的传统规则whowhom 相对简单: who 语法上用作主语,同 Ihe 等主格代词的位置相同, 而whom 用于别处。 这样,我们写The actor who played Hamlet was there (演哈姆雷特的演员在那边), 因此who 代表的是 played Hamlet 的主语。 在句子Who do you think is the best candidateô (你认为谁是最好的候选人ô)中 who 代表 is the best candidate 的主语。 但是我们说To whom did you give the letterô (你把信给谁了ô), 因为whom 是介词 to 的宾语; 在句子The man whom the papers criticized did not show up, (报纸上批评的那个人没有来), 因为whom 是动词 criticized 的宾语 。在复杂的句子里,正确应用这些规则需要相当的努力和注意。正确地造出如I met the man whom the government had tried to get France to extradite (我遇到了政府曾努力让法国引渡的那个人)这样的句子, 在写whom 之前我们必须预知它将作动词 extradite 的宾语, 尽管两个词离得很远。这也就难怪自莎士比亚以来的作家经常把whowhom 交换使用了。 尽管在正式文体中两者区别仍然存在,但如果在非正式的交谈中严格地遵守这些规则会被认为说话者或作者可能不顾内容而过分注视说话的形式。在口语和非正式书面语中,who 趋向于代替 whom; 人们会认为象Who did John say he was going to supportô (约翰说他将支持谁ô)这样句子很自然,尽管严格来说它是不正确的。 相反,在应该用who 的地方用 whom 则显出一种语言上的不稳定, 如Whom shall I say is callingô (我说是谁在打电话ô)。 当关系代词替代句尾的介词宾语时,whom 在理论上是正确的形势: 严格的语法坚持Whom (而不是 who ) did you give it toô(你把它给谁了?) 但从诺·韦伯斯特以来的语法学家认为whom 在这种情况下过分正式,而把介词放在句尾相对来说又不正式,这就有了矛盾,所以在这种情况下用 who 完全可以接受。 关系代词who 可以用在限定关系从句中,前面不要加逗号, 也可用在非限定关系从句中,则需要加逗号。所以我们既可以说The scientist who discovers a cure for cancer will be immortalized (发现治愈癌症的方法的科学家将会因此而不朽), 在此处从句who discovers a cure for cancer 指这样的科学家将会不朽, 也可以说The mathematician over there, who solved the four-color theorem, is widely known (在那边的数学家非常出名,他解决了四色定理), 从句who solved the four-color theorem 给已经由短语 the mathematician over there 确定了的人增加了一些有关他的信息。 有些语法学家认为只有who 而不是 that 可以连接表示人的限定性关系从句。 这种限制在逻辑上没有根据,在最优秀作家的用法中也未有根据;无论说the man that wanted to talk to you (想要跟你说话的那个人)或 the man who wanted to talk to you 都是完全可以接受的。 有关whowhom 的语法规则同样适用于 whoeverwhomever 参见 else,that,whose




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